A is for … ‘Americanah’ by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie (2013)

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Out of sequence, but well worth waiting for, I’ve finally read the first title of my diverse reading A-Z (devised as a response to #DiverseDecember in 2015).  At the time, it had felt almost like a cheat, after all, it might seem like Adichie doesn’t suffer from a lack of publicity or recognition.  Her second novel ‘Half of a Yellow Sun’ was recently voted the ‘best of the best’, the best winner of the woman’s prize for fiction (first Orange, now Baileys) from the last decade.  Her debut, ‘Purple Hibiscus,’ won two Commonwealth Writers’ Prizes for best first novel (from Africa, and overall).  On the other hand, I made the list so I make the rules and I’ve been meaning to read ‘Americanah’ since its publication three years ago.

The novel follows a pair of Nigerian sweethearts and its title relates to the obsession with America felt by the boy and experienced by the girl.  Both are Nigerian, but Obinze is driven, ‘he had never simply wanted to go abroad, as many others did … It had always been America, only America.  A longing nurtured and nursed over many years.‘  It is ironic therefore that it is Ifemelu who has made her home in the fabled land of opportunity.  She’s settled in Princeton, has a first-world job (writing a blog – the dream lives on) and has lived away from home for fifteen years.  She and Obinze haven’t corresponded in over a decade, but presumably they will meet again as she is selling her condo and ending her American life in order to move back to Lagos.  Flashing back and forwards, ‘Americanah’ charts the progression and abrupt break in their relationship; this is engaging and entertaining, but doesn’t contain all the Adichie stamp of brilliance.  That comes from the detailed exploration of race and identity in the USA, the UK and ‘back home,’ in Nigeria.

Amongst the best passages in the novel are Ifemelu’s writings about race. Her blog is called ‘Raceteenth or Various Observations About American Blacks (Those Formerly Known as Negroes)‘.  It is superb.  By this I mean that in the world of the novel it is rightfully lauded and is able to support Ifemelu in her comfortable and aspirational lifestyle, but the genius lies in how it also touches the book’s readers; when blog posts are ‘quoted’ they are consistently interesting, engaging and challenging.  It says much for the standard of the characterisation and plot that I was able to enjoy following the story even though it interrupted my reading of the posts.  Ifemelu writes as well as Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, which really says something for the quality of her critique of American society.  Take one briefly quoted post: ‘Job Vacancy in America – National Arbiter in Chief of “Who is Racist”‘.  It begins by explaining ‘In America, racism exists but all racists are gone.  Racists belong to the past … ‘  It’s a different form but many points raised in the blog reminded me strongly of Rankine’s masterful book ‘Citizen’ (reviewed here).  Although Adichie presents an outsider’s view of the US, her conclusions seem depressingly similar, and are written with equal fervour and conviction.

Of course, ‘Americanah’ is more than just the blog.  It is also a coming of age story and a modern romance.  In Adichie’s previous novels, relationships tend to be tainted by violence (national violence in ‘Half of a Yellow Sun’ and domestic abuse in ‘Purple Hibiscus’).  Reading this third novel made me hope that Adichie would go for a Khaled Hosseini-style twist for the hat-trick; after the unspeakable violence of ‘The Kite Runner’ and ‘A Thousand Splendid Suns’ his most recent book, ‘And the Mountains Echoed,’ also featured characters leaving their homeland for America.  This may not be related, but it was by far the least bleak of any of his novels.   I hope it’s not a spoiler to let you know that, although far from fluffy, ‘Americanah’ is the least physically brutal of Adichie’s novels.  As a squeamish reader, I suspect it is also the book of hers I am most likely to re-read, I’ll certainly be returning to the blog extracts if only to see just how good such writing can be.

I really enjoyed ‘Americanah.’  The characters and story were engaging and the commentary on race is superb.  High on my list for future reading is ‘The Thing Around Your Neck’, Adichie’s 2009 short story collection.  I’ve seen how accomplished her novels are, and I can’t wait to see how she adapted her style to a new form.  If you want an example of her excellent non-fiction, then check out the americanahblog.  For a few months in 2014, Adichie brought Ifemelu’s blog to life, this time writing about her life in Nigeria.  It’s well worth a visit and is further evidence for Adichie’s position as one of the great English language authors of our age.  I recommend all of her novels, though I think this most recent will have a special place in hearts of all of us who love to read and write online…

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12 Responses to A is for … ‘Americanah’ by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie (2013)

  1. BookerTalk says:

    this was the first Adichie novel I read and absolutely loved it – from the serious comments on race to the the sections in the hairdressing salons, all are wonderfully observed. Purple Hibiscus was enjoyable but I preferred the Thing Around Your Neck – i don’t usually get much enjoyment out of short stories but this was an exception

  2. Sarah says:

    I loved Americanah too, so you can imagine my joy when I picked up a copy of ‘The Thing Around Your Neck’ in a charity shop at the weekend! What luck – I can’t wait to read it.:)

  3. I really need to check this author out! It has been on my list for sometime but your post has inspired me! Bronte Turner

  4. JacquiWine says:

    It’s so interesting to see your take on this novel. I read it about eighteen months ago, and elements of the story come back into my mind every now and again although I must admit to finding some of the blog posts a little too ‘ranty’ for my tastes. I preferred the subtlety of Ifemulu’s own experiences in America as a way of highlighting our perceptions of other cultures.

    • That’s interesting, I found some bit of the ex-pat experiences a bit ranty myself (the dinner parties, and also the white liberal girl getting her braids done). In contrast, I found the unashamed anger in the posts refreshing. I suspect that different elements of the book will strike me each time I re-read it – it’s certainly rich enough to provide multiple reading experiences.

  5. Stefanie says:

    I really have to put reading Adichie on my priority list. I keep meaning to but there is always something else. Story of my reading life!

  6. Sin says:

    I love all of Adichie’s novels and I completely agree with you that this is the least emotionally harrowing, and the one I’m most likely to reread.
    One of the things I observed while reading this book is that modern-day Nigeria sounds a lot like modern-day India where I live. That increased by enjoyment of the book as well as the number of sociological ponderings it caused me to have.
    Also, Ifemelu is the first female character I identified with since I was a teenager reading about equally awkward, literary, overweight girls. She is irritable, moody and imperfect.And for a change, these characteristics aren’t depicted in a way that makes her more endearing/charming/mysterious. I loved that.

    • That’s really interesting, because I felt like her descriptions of Lagos really reminded me of descriptions of Indian towns that I’ve encountered in literature. I hadn’t wanted to make too much of it though, in case it would turn out to be my own cultural ignorance in finding false similarities between very different (non-‘Western’) places and cultures. I’m so pleased to find that you felt this too and that I wasn’t seeing things in the book that weren’t there!
      Ifemelu is a wonderful character, completely rounded and human in a way which makes her so easy to identify with. I agree, it is her flaws which make her such a perfect literary alter-ego.

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